Basic Yoga Principles and Types

Although there are different types of yoga, the main goal of all is to achieve a soul-mind-body balance. In addition, different types of yoga affect our personal and physical development in different ways and use different ways. For example, “Hatha yoga” focuses more on the physical body, while “Bhakti yoga” concentrates on divine love.

You can think of yoga types as different ways to the same goal. Although the goal and basic principles of yoga are the same, some techniques and movements differ. “Which is the best?” There is no question of asking, but “What type of yoga is most suitable for me?” A question such as can be asked. The type of yoga philosophy to be followed may vary depending on the person’s physical and mental development level, needs, goals and principles.

In order to decide which of the types of yoga is most suitable for you, you should first learn about all of them, then feel for which type you are “pulled” internally. “Intrinsic withdrawal” is the most important criterion at the selection stage. Because your essence always knows which path will serve you better for your development. However, if you have trouble hearing your inner voice, you can experience several different types of yoga that you find close to yourself. However, some yoga instructors argue that focusing on a particular type of yoga and working on it will yield faster results to support physical and spiritual development.

The important thing to keep in mind is always “intrinsic attraction”, so after years of experience and expertise in one type of yoga, you may want to try one of the other genres. This is just like completing one of your life lessons that you have to complete and is similar to a different adventure calling you.

In order to guide you, in this article, we will mention some differences, similarities and basic yoga principles among the most basic types of yoga.

Ashtanga yoga, one of the most basic systems of yoga, is a classic, so to speak. The 8 basic principles of this yoga system apply to almost all other systems. It is a complete system that covers all ethical, emotional, mental and spiritual teachings.
Here are 8 basic principles of Ashtanga yoga:

1) Patch: This principle includes 10 basic rules that everyone must follow:
Not to commit violence and not be violent,
To be honest in any case,
Playing to,
The correct control of sexual energy,
Trying to forgive,
Patience can,
Having feelings of compassion and compassion,
To be honest and honorable,
Cleanliness and purity (emotional, spiritual and physical),
Following a moderate and healthy diet
2) Niyama: It contains 10 applications required for self-discipline.
Opinion and satisfaction,
Faith and commitment,
Benevolence and helping,
To be friendly and sociable,
Being able to control the mind,
Repeating appropriate mantras,
Faith and devotion to God (sacred creator and sacred union),
Fulfillment of vows and vows
3) Asana : Yoga movements known as yoga postures. There are about 84 varieties. However, what should not be forgotten when doing yoga movements is that these movements are not only acrobatic movements but serve a certain purpose. You should concentrate on breathing while doing yoga movements, followed by light muscle contractions and light muscle relaxations.

4) Pranyama: It is the breathing techniques applied to increase and correctly control “Prana”, known as life energy, so that we will have enough energy to reach higher states of consciousness.

5) Pratyahara: This method is based on “pulling the feelings away from material objects and directing them in.” It is based on the belief that the human mind gets limited to the senses that are perceived by the senses, and the development of the human mind is limited. He gets rid of being the prisoner of the senses and emotions.

6) Dharana: It is based on focusing the mind to achieve concentration. The concentrated mind can meditate and perceive the truth.

7) Dhyana: Meditation with concentration. Being able to meditate, or to dive into the nature of events / things, helps us understand the mysteries of all existence.

8) Samadhi: Regular and concentrated meditation ensures the integration of the perceiver and perceived. In this way, we provide integrity with what we concentrate on or pay attention to. In this way, we can experience the “unity consciousness” inherent in “pure consciousness”.

Hatha yoga is perhaps the most popular and popular type of yoga in the west. Hatha yoga is the most concentrated type of body, except that each type of yoga focuses on the physical body. In this type, especially in which the physical aspect prevails, other philosophies of yoga are also mentioned, but more focus is on yoga postures. It is a species that is thought to have a close connection with Ayurveda.

The word Hatha is a united word and consists of the words “Ha” and “Tha”. “Ha” is known as the sun or sun principles, and “Tha” is known as the moon or moon principles. Solar principles are believed to be dominant in the right half of the body and lunar principles in the left half. It is believed that the state of health will only occur if there is harmony and integrity between these two.

Hatha yoga has many benefits for both physical body and spiritual being. It helps a thin and flexible body, a radiant face, a clear voice, shining eyes, control of sexual energy, a healthy digestive system, purification of nerves and “Nadi.” The person becomes much more active, alert, alive and energetic. mental clutter is prevented, and clarity of the mind is achieved, which ultimately contributes to the development of the higher self.

In the early stages of Hatha yoga, dullness disappears, and dependence on the physical body decreases. However, in order to achieve all this, one must feed and develop a way of behavior as recommended by this discipline.

People who want to go on the hatha yoga path should avoid over-eating, excessive effort, talking too much, frequent in very crowded social settings, excessive social contact and fluctuations of mind.

There are also instructors who say that Hatha yoga prepared us for “Raja yoga”.

Mixed yoga means “duty” or “service” (Seva). According to this understanding, one should try to fulfill his duty in the best way by ignoring the benefits to be gained in line with his own interests or desires.

The person does the best he can, dedicates himself to the task he has done, and by not allowing his mind to think about the benefits that the task will do to him, he avoids centristism and prevents the dissolution of the mind’s energy.

According to mixed yoga, the only source of unhappiness and sadness in life is “ownership.” “Ayurveda” and “Karma yoga” are two systems that are intertwined with each other.

In its most basic definition, it is known as the yoga of love. Bhakti is “devotion” or “unconditional love of God”. Bhakti yoga teaches us how to worship and meditate to integrate with the holy in love.

Bhakti yoga includes sacred worship, mantra, sound, song and dance exercises. Thanks to this yoga, we achieve peace and peace of mind by developing control over emotional imbalances. It is usually done in combination with Karma yoga.

Commitment to the divine allows us to provide every task without any interest and service to us.

Although Jnana means “knowing the knowledge of real nature” or “information path”, it helps us to recognize the “I” behind our mind and does not deal with ordinary knowledge and ideas.
Jnana yoga instructors teach the techniques of “right thinking” and “right reasoning” for free meditation. By these methods one has a keen mind to find the “absolute truth”.
By expanding our human memory limited to this yoga, we can integrate with the eternal and eternal consciousness behind the universe.

Raja yoga means “enormous path.” It is a versatile and integral yoga system. The mission is aimed at controlling the mind, based on devotion and wisdom with the sacred. It is believed that when the mind is brought under control, consciousness will rise to much higher levels. basically (especially Dharana, Dhyana and Samadhi), there are even those who say Ashtanga is the other name of yoga.

Kundalini yoga teaches how to awaken the sleeping Kundalini energy and master it. Kundalini is the psychic energy required for transformation. It is thought to be located in the coccyx region of the kundaline, at the intersection of three psychic nerves (Ida, Pingala and Sushumna). Once the kundalini is awakened, it rises from the coccyx by drawing spirals along the entire spine, and the crown at the top reaches the chakra. It awakens many hidden powers along the path it travels, and increases the inner angels and mystical experiences. It enables us to experience the cosmic principles and reach the highest level of “self-cognition.” It is emphasized in many tantric principles such as Kundalini, Laya yoga and

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