Sudden mood swings at menopause
Sudden mood swings , irritability, low self-esteem , or sadness are some of the psychic symptoms that menopause causes . And it is that, the hormonal alterations that occur in this stage of life not only cause physical changes, but also influence the mental health of women .
Menopause cannot be said to cause depression or a bad mood, but it can accentuate the most vulnerable part of women. If someone has a tendency to melancholy, to suffer depressive states, or to be irritable, these circumstances will intensify even more when they have a health problem, and that is what can happen during menopause and in its previous phases.
The disorders associated with menopause can affect everyday life and biological rhythms. In the case of psychic changes, it can be said that they will focus above all on the weaknesses of each one. If a woman does not sleep well at night because of hot flashes , the next day she will be more tired, more irritable, and less concentrated.
If there was a previous problem with the partner, at this stage it can get worse. If there are children and they decide to become independent and leave the home, the ’empty nest syndrome’ may appear , characterized by the fact that women accumulate feelings of sadness, emptiness, melancholy, anxiety , or irritability. If you are especially sensitive to getting older, and aging is associated with menopause, negative feelings will also appear that can fluctuate from irritability to melancholy or depression.
Some women will hardly notice changes, for others they will be bearable, and for some they will become serious obstacles in their daily life. In these cases it is best to seek help from a specialist and decide with him on an appropriate treatment . But it is also important to be aware of what is happening and try to alleviate these symptoms on your own to improve your quality of life , doing physical exercise to improve your body and mind, surrounding yourself with positive people and experiencing pleasant situations, and dedicating time to occupations that are interesting and enriching.
Causes of mood swings at menopause
The main cause of sudden mood swings and irritability that women experience during menopause is the decrease in estrogens. These hormones have receptors in the brain and have the ability to improve mood, but if their levels drop, as in menopause, mood is altered.
Estrogens exert an important influence on the body in general, and the brain in particular, since they affect the central nervous system, and the generation and efficacy of neurotransmitters. In fact, this decrease in estrogen that occurs in menopause can result in a decrease in serotonin levels , a neurotransmitter directly related to our mood. Serotonin deficiency can cause sadness, nervousness, anxiety, bad mood, disinterest in social relationships, or low self-esteem, among other symptoms.
The hormonal changes at this stage cause psychological and emotional disturbances, but can not be said that menopause has consequently suffering a depression . If this disease manifests, it is because it was already latent. What is more common is that women feel melancholic, with a more intense and permanent sadness than that usually felt in premenstrual syndrome .
Changes in the family environment (if the children leave home, if there are family problems), or work, or the fact of associating menopause with aging , also favors that low mood. In addition, some women may notice a decrease in libido that reduces the frequency of sexual intercourse and can cause a couple problem.
How to combat the effects of mood changes in menopause?
Sometimes the treatments for our daily problems are more at hand than we think, and a good recommendation to feel good during menopause is to combine a healthy diet , take advantage of the benefits of food supplements, exercise regularly, and Be well informed about what menopause is and what its symptoms are .
Here are some tips that will be very useful to improve your mood at this stage of your life and combat the effects of mood changes in menopause :
Eat foods rich in tryptophan , an amino acid that synthesizes serotonin (a neurotransmitter that produces well-being), such as lean meats, whole grains , legumes, watercress , salmon , pineapple, banana , artichoke, dairy , tuna , nuts, almonds, or dark chocolate .
Practice moderate physical exercise regularly, because it favors both good physical condition and mental health.
Take food supplements with isoflavones , melatonin or relaxing herbs, which can help improve your mood.
Sunbathe moderately. Strolling outdoors on a sunny day combats negative feelings.
Seek help from friends and family, increase your social life, and engage in activities that are rewarding for you in the company of positive people.
Talk to your partner about the problems that worry you and the changes you feel; It will be easier for you to carry this stage better and you will avoid misunderstandings.
Do not avoid sexual intercourse , as they contribute to improving mood, self-esteem , the relationship, and even other physical symptoms of menopause, such as vaginal atrophy .
If you notice poor concentration or memory problems, practice exercises to train your mind and read.
Take care of your self-esteem with your own projects and taking care of matters that you consider of interest
If you feel really bad and nothing works, ask for help and talk to a specialist who will assess if you need to get treatment